Adenis antoine (et al.) | Nacher mathieu | Valdes audrey

Heterogeneity of Clinical Presentations and Paraclinical Explorations to Diagnose Disseminated Histoplasmosis in Patients with Advanced HIV: 34 Years of Experience in French Guiana

Article scientifique : Journal of Fungi, Vol. 65, n°3

Langue : Anglais

Disponible sur : ( consulté le 2024-01-02 )

N° DOI : 10.3390/jof6030165
Résumé : We aimed to describe the ways patients with disseminated histoplasmosis—a multifaceted and often lethal disease—present themselves and are explored. A retrospective, observational, multicentric study spanned the period between 1 January 1981 and 1 October 2014. Principal component analysis was performed for the sampling sites and for the clinical signs and symptoms. The factor loadings of the principal components were selected for eigenvalues > 1. The most frequent signs and symptoms were an alteration of the WHO general performance status, fever, digestive tract, respiratory signs and symptoms and lymphadenopathies. The most common sites sampled were bone marrow, respiratory tract, blood, lymph node and liver biopsies, with significant variations in the number of sites from which samples were taken to try to identify the pathogen. The principal component analysis clinical signs and symptoms leading to the diagnosis showed four main lines of variation. The factor loadings of the four main components were compatible with four broad types of clinical presentations and four types of exploration strategies. Extracting simple algorithms was difficult, emphasizing the importance of clinical expertise when diagnosis depends on obtaining a sample where Histoplasma can be seen or grown. Histoplasma antigen detection tests will help simplifying the algorithms.
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